Superficial venous insufficiency (reflux) is a condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart. Malfunctioning (incompetent) valves cause vein walls to weaken and veins to stay filled with blood. Excess pooling of blood in the legs in turn causes swelling, tightness, and achiness.
Treating Venous Insufficiency
Symptoms are worse with standing. Varicose veins will develop and over time there may be darkening of the skin around the ankles (hyperpigmentation) and an increased skin ulcer risk. Risk factors for venous insufficiency include family history (genetics), female gender, standing for long periods, obesity, pregnancy, and tall height. Without first correcting the venous insufficiency, attempts to close varicose veins are limited.
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